Date palm, Phoenix dactylifera L., is one of
the oldest fruit trees in the
world and is mentioned in the Qur'an and Bible. The number of the date
palms is about 100
million worldwide, of which 62 million palms can be found in the Arab world. The place of origin of
the date palm is uncertain. Some claim that the date palm first originated in Babel, Iraq,
while others believe that it originated in Dareen or Hofuf, Saudi Arabia or Harqan, an
island on the Arabian Gulf in Bahrain.
palm is a perennial, the females of which normally begin to bear dates within an
average five of years from the time of planting of the offshoot. The date palm reaches an age
of about 150
commercial scale, the Middle East and North Africa are the major date palm producing
areas in the
The fruit of the date palm is
delicious and sweet (See picture).
Genus: Phoenix dactylifera L.
Common name : Date Palm